A horse’s skin, as with any mammal, including humans, is vital to the animal’s survival. It serves as its anatomical boundary and as the principal organ of communication between the horse and the environment in which it lives.
As is the case with other body components, the skin of a horse is subject to attack on a number of fronts, ranging from infectious bacteria to biting insects.
Below are some of the most common problems.
- Skin – General Allergy
- Eczema and Dermatitis
- Itchy Skin
- Excessive Sweating
Skin – General Allergy
A general allergy of the skin, in which innumerable swellings (welts) occur, may be caused from the surface (for example, by certain shampoos) or from within (by the ingestion of certain plants).
The body’s autoimmune system malfunctions, causing the body to act aggressively against its own normal defences. This results in an overactive immune system, and allergy symptoms ensue.
So concentration from acupressure points would be around the immune system function, the resultant allergy signs and symptoms, and the surrounding sensitivities, causing blockages in the body.
Eczema and Dermatitis
Eczema is a kind of inflammation of the skin (dermatitis).
It is an itchy condition, characterised by many small fluid-filled blisters which are beneath the hair. These burst and the contents form a dry crust.
Also, there is scaling of the skin. Eczema is often an allergic response, and is often associated with diet and the digestive system.
Concentrate EquiHealth on the digestive system as well as the specific contact points.
This can be due to many causes, for example, skin parasites, the girth strap of the harness, allergy, boredom.
Itching leads invariably to scratching and possibly skin damage.
Diagnose a particular cause if this is possible, and concentrate treatment on that cause rather than just surface symptoms. This will also help to produce a future protection against severe recurrences.
Ensure that the area affected isn’t caused any undue further stress via application of any treatment. EquiHealth is safe to use, even on affected areas.
Neuro – Dermatitis
This is a self-inflicted inflammation of the skin. A common cause is boredom, which, if not treated, may become a habit.
It involves the horse biting and scraping areas of the skin with its mouth, nibbling with teeth, excessive licking with the tongue, and even, where reachable, scraping with the hoof.
Common triggers can be changes in environment, stable/pasture mates, ownership, changes of feed, and other environmental factors.
Because this is, in part, a psychological condition as well as a physical one, both emotional and physical acupressure location points should be included in a course of treatment.
This occurs when a horse is too long in the heat. It is also a feature of infectious disease.
Certain foods stimulate sweating, for example oats and maize, so it is important to ensure an optimal and individual diet, suitable for your horse and their environment.
Pronounced pain also causes sweating.
Ensure there are no behavioural or psychological factors triggering the symptom, and diagnose any physical disturbances that it may be related to.
Treat these underlying causes in line with the instructed stimulation points.
Horse breeding is something that is taken on professionally, as well as a natural occurrence. Due to the money involved in both breeding, and selling purebred horses, it is important to understand the potential problems that can sometimes be encountered, and how natural treatments, and our EquiHealth system can both help to treat and to prevent such problems.
The most common mare reproductive problems tend to be:
- Mares that do not cycle properly, or at all;
- Mares that conceive and lose their pregnancies after 45 days; and
- Mares that either don’t conceive, or lose their pregnancies before 40 days.
Different tests are conducted for each of the three problems. Indeed, EquiHealth is safe to use during all these situations, to help destress, and to help relief any associated (or unassociated, but still inteferring) pain or discomfort.
- Assisting Difficult Labour
- Female Infertility
- ‘In Season’
- Male Impotence
- Irregularities of the Oestrus Cycle
- Male Infertility
- Premature Labour
- Vaginal Discharge
If possible, the foal should be helped gently through the birth canal. Excessive force may damage or kill the mare and foal.
There must be absolute certainty which leg is which. Soap and water lubrication will be needed. If in any doubt, expert help should be sought without delay.
Fertility rests on the regular discharge of an egg into the womb (every three weeks, February to July) and an accompanying attractiveness to the stallion.
Again failure of either may be due to an infection or an abnormality in the system.
Mares may need restraint at the time of mating.
‘In Season’ Fillies and Mares
This refers to the period of about four days, every 3 weeks, when the mare is fully receptive to the stallion.
She stands quietly with tail raised and allows him to mount her.
If there are underlying health problems, or general stresses, she may not be receptive.
This applies to a stallion who has been shown to be fertile but does not mate.
He may be discouraged by a non-receptive mare or not responsive to a receptive one.
The problem is usually one of confidence, which responds to skilled management.
Irregularities of the Oestrus Cycle
There is a normal variation among mares in the interval between ovulations – 14 to 28 days.
No one animal will have constant intervals. Marked variations or anoestrus (no ovulations) will be infective or hormonal in cause.
This must be proven against a mare of known fertility.
Given adequate food, male infertility may be due to a general infection or some abnormality in the male system.
Some stallions need to be helped to engage the mare.
Premature labour is most uncommon in mares.
Abortion due to an infected and/or dead foetus is now a rarity (at least in the UK) because of modern methods of disease prevention.
There may be a flow of milk, indicating that foetal death has occurred and abortion is due to occur.
Vaginal Discharge Problems
It is normal for mucus to be discharged when the mare is receptive to the stallion.
Any other discharges, particularly if coloured or opaque, usually indicate an infection.
This will be in the urinary system, the womb or the vagina, since they have have a common opening at the vulva.
There are many more potential problems that may occur within a horse’s lifespan that may not be covered in one of our main systemic sections. These are all additional conditions that EquiHealth could help to relieve. Many times people report their horse experiencing improvement right away, or within a very short space of time. With regular use EquiHealth can contribute in a preventative way, or for more relief with more stubborn conditions.
Below are some of these additional problems…
This may be caused by abnormal or diseased teeth. Incorrect food, or infection may also be at fault.
The bacteria involved produces enzymes, and these enzymes feed on the bone, gum and ligaments. In the case of the gums, this can cause them to bleed.
If untreated, this can cause a range of secondary problems, such as displaced teeth, loss of muscle, bad breath, quidding ( balling feed up in the horses cheek), a build up of calculus (a mixture of food, saliva and bacteria), or weight loss.
As with humans, there are many potential eye disorders. Many are extremely rare and are usually the result of another underlying condition or acute trauma.
Otherwise, for more common eye conditions, a distinction should be made regarding the effect of a general infection and a localised disorder, and treatment, including EquiHealth treatment, administered accordingly and accurately. A veterinary surgeon should always first examine and diagnose any eye problem.
Generally speaking, the eyelids should be regularly examined for foreign bodies, especially in housed animals,as these may cause ulceration of the cornea.
This includes loss of tone, but usually not of sensation, to one side of the face due to damage to the facial nerve.
This nerve turns on to the face high up, around the back of the jaw.
The muscles are unable to contract and the whole side of the face droops, including the mouth and ear.
Urinary Bladder Infections
Infections of the urinary bladder may travel up from the uretha or down from the kidney (via the ureter). Symptoms are pain on urination and discoloured, even blood-stained, urine.
In addition to the above problems, the below set consists of areas where EquiHealth has precise pressure location points, and can really help through its regular use and health management abilities. This may help to prevent many problems from occurring…
The body has its own natural system of growth stimulating hormones. Attempts to accelerate and enhance the process by applying hormones often has no advantage in the long run and may be seriously damaging to long-term health and major organs.
Proper feeding and exercise are, of course, essential to ensure the horse’s natural ability for growth is of optimal capability.
Maintenance of Health and Fitness:
The horse should be well fed and exercised regularly. In this way its interest will be maintained. It should be checked regularly for soundness. Treat these points regularly.
Reduction of Stress and Hyper-Excitability:
Horses, like people, need to be repeatedly assured in order to put them at their ease and get a reliable performance from them.
In this way, the more excited animal can be contained. Irritation and anger produces the reverse result.
Improvement of Muscle Tone and Coordination:
Horses should be kept fit, and never just left to their own devices.Regular and planned exercise should be according to their work and individual abilities.
Even pet horses should be exercised. In this way the animal is less inclined to indulge in the recognised vices, their outlook is kept positive, and posture improves with increased muscle tone.
Performance refers to the duration of efficient work, the amount of prize money won at races and the amount of healthy young produced. Correct feeding, exercise and rest are required.
Relaxation Before a Race:
Surroundings should be as calm as is reasonably possible.
A good rider ‘contains’ the horse – holding it back from bursts of speed, both before and during the race.
On the other hand, a rider may allow a fast canter, even gallop, up to the start, as part of preparing the horse.
Increase in Stamina and Energy:
Regular planned exercise results in increased speed and the ability to cover increased distances without undue fatigue.
It is important to address exercise at the same time as treating the appropriate points.
Equine joint and muscle problems can affect your horse’s mobility and comfort.
The joints typically provide cushion for a horse when they run, jump and even trot. When this joint begins to break down from the wear and tear of normal activities, this can cause friction to occur between the bones.The cushion can deteriorate and leave nothing to stop the friction.
The joints are commonly affected by arthritis, which can cause a great deal of pain in a horse and limit their mobility in the long term.
Using natural products and therapies, including EquiHealth acupressure, to help prevent this type of problem in a horse is the best solution.
Some of the areas that most commonly affected include:
- Back -Front Region
- Back – Hind Region
- Back – Mid Region
- Foreleg – Knee
- Foreleg – Shoulder
- Forelimb – Hoof, Fetlock, Cannon, & Pastern
- Hindlimb – Hip
- Hindlimb – Hock
- Hindlimb – Hoof, Fetlock, Cannon, & Pastern
- Stifle – the true Knee
- The Temporo-Mandibular Jaw Joint
Some of the most general conditions include:
- General Pain
- Paralysis of the Hind Leg(s)
- Sore Shin(s)
- Tendon Problems – General
- Typing Up
Areas in slightly more detail:
Back – Front Region
This is the region usually called “the back”, as distinct from the loins and croup, which are behind it.
It begins on and behind the withers, and is the region where the saddle is placed.
Its underlying skeleton consists of the last 10 thoracic vertebrae.
Back – Hind Region
This is the region of the croup, between the root of the tail and the prominence due to the hip bones, near the mid-line (sacral tuberosities).
Like the rest of the spine, it is heavily clothed with muscle, save for the precise mid-line.
The spine throughout the back is horizontal although the back itself, in profile, is concave.
Back – Mid Region
This is the region consisting of the ‘chain’ of lumbar vertebrae of the spine (loins), immediately in front of the hip bones. It extends forward, half way round to the withers.
Degrees of fusion occur between the lumbar vertebrae in older horses, and the bones show a roughened surface.
Foreleg – Knee
This lumpy region is not the true knee (the Stifle of the hind-leg), but it is the equivalent of the human wrist.
Its skeleton is made up of 7 or 8 small bones (carpals), which together absorb concussion.
Foreleg – Shoulder
The skeleton of this region is the wide flat blade (scapula) sloping forwards from up at the withers, down to the “point” of the shoulder.
The scapula is clothed heavily in muscle (including its inner surface).
Damage to one or more muscles or tendons in the shoulder region is not uncommon, causing obvious lameness.
Forelimb – Hoof, Fetlock, Cannon, & Pastern
This region is made up of mostly bones and tendons, skin and horn.It is the equivalent to the middle finger and palm of the human hand.
There is little or no muscle. It is a region subject to injury and consequent lameness, which may not respond readily to conventional treatment.
A lame horse in this way should never be walked.
Hindlimb – Hip
This is marked by a bony prominence, well above the knee towards the root of the tail.
The joint is 50mm deep to this prominence.
This joint is not a common site of injury or disease.
Hindlimb – Hock
This is the equivalent of the heel in human anatomy.
The outline of the massive Achilles tendon, which extends to the hock joint, can be seen running down to it from above and behind.
As in the knee of the forelimb, there is an anti-concussive system consisting of 6 small bones.
The hock bears a lot of weight, and bears the brunt of twisting motions when the horse turns.
This joint is commonly subject to injury.
Hindlimb – Hoof, Pastern, Fetlock, Cannon
This region is equivalent to that in the forelimb, but with a longer, rounder cannon bone.
Apart from damage to the ground surface of the foot, it is subject to fewer causes of lameness than the forelimb.
The neck appears to be flattened from side to side.
At mid length, its chain of bones (vertebrae) are as near to the windpipe as they are to the root of the mane.Their edge can be felt with moderate pressure.
In health, apart from the tail, this is the spine’s most mobile region.
Occasionally a painful infection develops at the poll and/or the withers.
Stifle – the true Knee
The stifle is high up, at the level of the lower limit of the abdomen. The knee cap (patella) of the joint can be felt in front of it.
By virtue of its huge size and the cartilages it contains, it is a relatively (though not entirely) trouble free joint.
The Temporo-Mandibular (Jaw) Joint
This is principally a hinge joint, although some side-to-side movement of the jaw can be observed when viewed from the front.
Spasm of the cheek muscle closes the jaw tight (Lockjaw), which is one of many potential muscle spasm issues a horse can experience throughout the body.
The most common issues include:
This may be difficult to distinguish from localised pain, even by careful observation of the horse’s behaviour. The potential causes are numerous, and gentle manipulation may be needed, by a professional, if you are unsure of the location cause of any pain or discomfort.
Pains may originate from over-exertion, strains, sprains, jolts, or more internal causes, such as infection, or as a symptom of another condition.
For example, the uncommon condition of poly-arthritis will be indicated by the painful swelling of several joints, more obvious in the lower limbs.
Paralysis of the Hind Leg(s)
This may occur in a mare as a result of a difficult foaling, owing to damage to the limb nerves, where they ‘sit’ underneath the wall of the birth canal.
The mare may need supporting in ‘slings’ if the paralysis is prolonged.
Professional veterinary intervention is needed, and micro-current acupressure stimulation could help the concerned nerves and muscles to recover more rapidly.
This is an inflammation of the surface of the bones below the elbow (radius and ulna) and the bone of the thigh (tibia), where the surfaces become rough and knobbly.
It is most common in young race horses and is caused by the jarring of repeated landings after jumps taken at too young an age.
Tendon Problems – General
Tendons behind the cannon bone and the Achilles tendon (calcaneal) are particularly long.
In terms or healing, two problems are posed:
- Blood supply to tendon tissue is poor, and
- The return of blood from the long limbs of the horse is slow.
The speed of healing is dependent on a ready supply of oxygenated blood.
“Tying up” refers to the hard knotty feel of some muscles of the thigh, which usually follows sudden exercise without a preliminary “warm up”.
The horse may be unable to stand.
The urine is dark and there is a potential for kidney damage.
The circulatory system (heart and blood vessels) works together with the respiratory system, to provide oxygen throughout the horse’s body and transport waste material from the tissues.
During exercise, the circulatory system is one of the main systems to provide energy to the bones, connective tissue, and muscles.
The horse can suffer from many symptoms when the heart and/or blood are not functioning optimally. Below are just a few of these common areas in relation to the circulatory system.
- Forelimb Circulation
- Hindlimb Circulation
- Navicular Disease
- Nose Bleed
- Pedal Osteitis
- Cardiac Arrhythmia
Signs of a heart problem might include a loss of condition, shortness of breath, slow recovery after exercise, an increased effort to breathe, a shorter period of exercise before development of fatigue, and general weakness.
Fluid accumulation in the abdomen, legs, or under the skin surrounding the ribs is another indication of poor heart function.
Owners or trainers who suspect a disorder should contact a veterinarian who can examine the horse’s heart and determine the cause of the problem prior to use of EquiHealth.
Circulation Problems – Forelimb
The horse has few problems with its circulation in the upper part of the limb. However, blood is returned with difficulty from the lower part, because of the absence of muscle and its massaging effect. This can be seen in the swelling of the soft tissue, immediately above the hoof, which occurs when the horse is confined, for any length of time.
Also the slow return of blood is associated with retarded healing of wounds to the extremity.
Circulation Problems – Hindlimb
A similar situation holds here as in the fore limb.
Additionally, the blood supply to the limb from the aorta (in the roof of the abdomen) may be reduced owing to disease of that vessel.
Navicular Disease (Navicular Syndrome)
This is an inflammation of the small, boat-shaped bone (navicular) bone placed behind and deep within the hooves on the front feet.
There is no specific one cause of this condition, but many potential theories. The two most important ones are:
- Compression of the navicular bone under a tendon and the back of the small pastern bone, and
- Cartilage erosion to the point where the bone underneath may become exposed if not treated.
Recent research has also found correlations between a “toe-first landing” of the hooves and navicular problems, due to excessive strain on the deep digital flexor tendon.
This may occur in a race horse, after a race.
Although nosebleeds can look alarming, in most cases they are not serious. Even if minor it can look very dramatic.
A nosebleed (‘epistaxis’) — occurs when any part of the nasal passages, throat, lower airways, or lungs are traumatised to a point where the blood vessels are damaged and blood leaks out.
The commonest cause is a knock of some kind to the delicate nasal tissues.
A moderate nosebleed, if accompanied by coughing, may suggest a foreign body wedged in the nose or throat. Veterinary attention will be needed.
The blood may be coming from deep down – in the lung, or high up – from the nasal cavity.
Traditional treatment can include antihistamines or cauterisation of the enlarged blood vessels at the back of the nasal cavity.
The heart rate varies from 30 to 40 per minute in the adult horse, to 70 to 80 in the foal, up to one year old. The rate rises with exercise.
Palpitations, describes the rate when it is unduly fast. This may be an indication of a stress condition, or a more serious underlying circulatory disorder.
Once cause has been established, natural treatment can begin with both herbal remedies, and location of blocked acupressure points for rebalancing.
This is an inflammation of the last bone in the leg (pedal bone), which has the same shape as the hoof which encases it.It becomes progressively porous, to the point of fracture.
This seems to be caused by repeated concussion against a hard surface.
Pedal Osteitis is one the main reasons for a horse to have long-term pain in its feet.
The prognosis for full recovery is variable, and is dependent on the actual diagnosed cause, as well as the degree of improvement that can be achieved, especially through hoof correction.
Similar to human respiratory health, laboured breathing in horses (dyspnoea) may be caused by the constriction of the innumerable air tubes in the lungs (the bronchii). This is more commonly known as Asthma, which may be allergic or non-allergic in origin.
Other forms of laboured breathing may be due to heart problems and degeneration of elastic fibres in the lungs.
Some of the most common causes of coughing and the identifying factors in horses:
- Bacterial Infection
- Cold-Weather Cough
- Common Cough
- Common Cold
- Dust-Induced Cough
- Foreign Object
- Inflammatory Airway Disease
- SinusitisTracheo Bronchitis
- Viral Infection
- “Warm-Up” Cough
EquiHealth can assist in clearing up the underlying cause of any of these types of cough, along with helping to reduce the cough, and other, symptoms. Regular use may also help to prevent these underlying causes and symptoms from occurring.
Here are those causes in a little more detail…
There are, of course, many types of bacterium, and therefore symptoms may differ according to each strain.
This type of infection can cause an intermittent wet cough, often accompanied by a noticeably thick nasal discharge. Also present may be a fever, loss of appetite, and lethargy.
Your horse may have enlarged lymph nodes under the jaw (strangles).
EquiHealth application could benefit the horse by providing a means of helping the body to fight infection, and speed up the healing time.
Cold Weather-Induced Cough
This type of cough usually occurs when a horse is being exercised, in cold weather!
After initial coughing, the horse is usually fine, just susceptible to the sensitivity of coughing from damp air.
Micro-Current Acupressure helps to boost the horse’s respiratory strength and immunity to prevent over sensitivity. It could also help to resolve imbalances related to cold-weather sensitivity.
A common cause of coughing is influenza. This is highly infectious but recovery is usually straightforward.
To help prevent susceptibility to illness and debilitation from influenza virus, you could use EquiHealth on your horse to improve overall strength and wellbeing, concentrating on the stimulation points of the respiratory tract, and ear, nose, and throat.
Common Cold – Nasal Discharge
The common cold is not a disease of the horse. Strangles is an infectious cause of nasal discharge. The symptoms of Strangles include swollen throat and nasal discharge. There are other causes.
Dust-Induced (Arena Cough)
This type of cough is more common in the winter months. The horse coughs initially when being ridden in an arena and then appears fine. The horse is usually otherwise healthy.
(This doesn’t include choking, which should be treated as a medical emergency)
This will sound an odd, non-resolving cough.
The horse may hold their head or neck in strange positions, and appear uncomfortable. The object lodged in the larynx, or further down, may be dislodged with coughing, but veterinary intervention may be necessary.
Recurrent Airway Obstruction (Heaves)
This is a chronic wet cough, which is often more noticeable when eating, when in the barn environment, or when being exercised.
The horse will likely have increased respiration and flared nostrils as well.
This is more common in middle-aged and older horses.
Coughing may be less apparent when horse is on pasture.
This is often due to general weakness in the respiratory, circulatory, and digestive systems. These work together, and malfunction or weakness can be due to a disorder or deficiency in any one of them. EquiHealth, practiced regularly for general fitness, or specifically on a course for a particular known weak area, could benefit the horse in strengthening their system to fight infection and disease.
Inflammatory Airway Disease
This condition is a chronic, intermittent cough, occurring more commonly in younger and sometimes middle-aged horses (especially race horses).
It may be accompanied by a nasal discharge.
If a performance horse, they will likely exhibit a decreased competency.
Lungworm isn’t common, but is still useful to include here.
It consists of an intermittent coughing that is made worse with exercise.
It is really more common in donkeys, or if found in horses, it is usually seen in horses that are put out to pasture with donkeys.
Sinusitis – Nasal Blockage or Discharge
The horse has 3 pairs of cavities, or sinuses. These are openings into the nasal cavity, which together are voluminous.
With this being down to an immunity issue, the immune system points would be concentrated upon. In addition, attention paid to the stimulation pathways of the specific sinuses, as well as the respiratory and circulatory systems as a whole.
There are several causes of inflammation of the wind pipe (trachea), and larger bronchi. These include dust, emphysema (broken wind), and infections.
This may appear as a frequent, dry cough, often accompanied by watery nasal discharge, fever, lethargy, and loss of appetite.
The Horse will usually appear healthy, but will cough when being warmed up for exercise. After the initial coughing, the horse is normally absolutely fine.
This is thought to likely be caused by an excessive mucous accumulation.
Abdominal Distension (Bloat)
This is difficult to determine in the horse as the abdomen has a natural looking distention, housing the enormous large intestine. However, bloating is rarely harmless in horses and tends to be a symptom of a larger health problem. If you do notice that your horse is bloated, you need to call your veterinarian immediately, to rule out any serious underlying cause that may require immediate veterinary diagnosis.
A bloated horse appears fuller around the stomach area.
Causes of Distention: Bloat is typically caused when a horse eats or drinks too much, filling the stomach with more than can pass comfortably through the digestive system.
Your horse may also bloat when he’s suffering from a blocked or twisted intestine that will not allow food to pass through his digestive system.
Once any emergency situation has been ruled out, or attended to, EquiHealth stimulation can pinpoint the location of the blockage, whether that has been due to gas or obstruction, and rebalance and re-energise the blood flow and energy flow to promote swift healing, and continued regular application, along with dietary measures, may help to prevent further occurrences.
Certain natural events, such as pregnancy, lactation, breeding, high performance levels, and other events, may lead to natural weight loss for your horse. This should, however, only ever be temporary and down to the individual circumstance. Once out of that circumstance, your horse will normally revert back to a ‘usual’ and consistent normal weight range.
If weight loss continues, or remains, there may be further underlying causes that need attention and treatment.
Symptoms such as:
- Visible ribs, a ridged back, and a prominent tailbone
- Accentuated withers, shoulders, and/or neck
There may be one of many potential causes for anorexia in horses. These could relate to both primary and secondary disease states; parasites; teeth, mouth, or gum problems; nutritional deficiencies; metabolic disturbances; malabsorption problems; pain; infection; and aging processes; as well as insufficient or poor feed.
EquiHealth application may help to calm your horse, destressing and helping to improve immunity to fight off disease or disturbance. EquiHealth will stimulate relevant points in relation to the cause to bring about improvement and contribute to a solution.
Changed Eating Behaviour
Horses tend to eat steadily throughout the day. It is important to get to know your horse’s habits, so that any changes can be noted quickly.
Sudden or unexplained reduction in feeding, or unusual and continuing excessive eating may be signs of problems. Horses may eat excessively, out of boredom when housed indoors, for example.
Changes in your horse’s lifestyle, such as increased or reduced work, movement on and off pasture, pregnancy, lactation, and aging, will require changes to your horse’s diet.
Rapid changes in diet can result in illness. Any changes to your horse’s diet must be introduced gradually, over a period of around two weeks.
If your horse’s feeding habits change, consult your vet for a diagnosis.
Following diagnosis, EquiHealth can be used as part of a treatment regime to eliminate the causative symptoms and relax your horse.
Colic in horses is a clinical symptom rather than a conditional diagnosis. It is pain in the abdomen. It can originate in a variety of sites although it is often the small or large intestine (bowel). Extreme pain shows as restless, uncontrolled movements, and sweating.
There are many potential causes of Colic. The condition should be diagnosed immediately and not be allowed to continue, as colic in a horse may be fatal.
Signs and symptoms include:
- Pawing and/or scraping
- Frequent attempts to urinate
- Flank watching: turning of the head to watch the stomach and/or hind quarters
- Biting/nipping the stomach
- Repeated flehmen response
- Repeated lying down and rising
- Excess salivation
- Loss of appetite
- Decreased fecal output
- Increased pulse rate
- Dark mucous membranes
EquiHealth can contribute to resolving these symptoms, and indeed the cause of the condition, along with good diet, lifestyle, and professional healthcheck diagnosis. Continued regular use may help to prevent reoccurence of the symptoms.
The equine digestive tract is very complex. One sign that the colon is under undue stress or malfunctioning is the development of diarrhoea, whether mild or severe.
Once colon health is disrupted, its ability to carry out the normal functions of digestion and absorption are critically affected.
Colitis disrupts the integrity of the mucous membrane lining of the gut. Once affected, the colon may not be able to absorb enough water and nutrients, leading to reduced healthy gut bacteria and gastrointestinal tract inflammation.
Causes can include both the infectious and non-infectious. Infectious causes can include: Salmonella, Clostridium difficile infection, Clostridium perfringens infection, Potomac horse fever (Neorickettsia risticii infection), Equine coronavirus, and Strongyles infestation (a potential parasitic cause).
As part of a full health overview, EquiHealth can help to rid of infections that may be causing the colitis and help to prevent the condition.
Blood in Stool or Urine Output
If at any time blood is noticed in your horses bowel movements or when they urinate, seek urgent medical advice. This isn’t a condition in itself, but a serious symptom to look out for, which could relate to any one of a number of potential conditions or diseases. These could include parasitic infection, colitis, or bacterial infection. Professional diagnosis is necessary.
Most horses will be constipated from time to time, and if your horse shows no other symptoms, it is usually harmless. Although we would still recommend a health check for your horse to ensure no underlying cause has been missed.
Constipation is characterized by the back-up of solid waste in the intestines.
It can be the result of not enough roughage in the diet, parasitic infection, gastric problems, stress, blockage, or as a side effect of some medications.
A physical blockage of part of the inner digestive tract may be causing impaction. If this is the case, or is suspected, seek medical help immediately.
Changes to look out for are the same as the signs and symptoms listed for Colic, above.
Typical signs of constipation itself include:
- Hardened manure
- Passing less manure than usual (or dry hard manure)
- Cessation of bowel movements (no manure produced)
- Loss of appetite (most animals will not feed until they pass stool)
- Pawing, rolling or circling
- Not eating (or changing in eating habits)
- Anxiety, trembling and sometimes sweating
- Absence of bowel sounds
- Increased heart and respiratory rate
- Cool extremities
EquiHealth is useful to reduce these symptoms and bring about a more relaxed wellbeing for your horse, alongside other natural lifestyle and dietary improvements.
Dehydration occurs when there is an excessive loss of water in your horse’s body.
The problem often results from conditions involving diarrhoea, where care hasn’t been taken to ensure the water loss from the diarrhoea has been replaced.
Other causes include:
- An abnormally high body temperature (hyperthermia) or fever
- Excessive long-distance riding
- Over-exerted event riding
- Severe burns
- Endotoxemia (a disease that causes renal failure)
- Colitis-X (a disease that causes watery diarrhoea and hypovolaemic shock)
- Anaphylactic shock (shock triggered by an allergic reaction).
A horse’s skin loses its elasticity when its body fluid or electrolyte levels are depleted. An easy way to identify this is to pinch up a skin fold along the horse’s back. A dehydrated horse’s skin will stay up in a ridge, while healthy skin should spring smoothly back into place.
Other symptoms may include:
- Dullness in the eyes
- Dry skin and mouth
- Thick and sticky saliva
- High level of protein in the blood
Use EquiHealth to stimulate the immune system and digestive function pathways correctly, locating specific flow blockages with our unique acupressure point location and treatment system, to help improve your horse’s wellbeing, and to help treat the underlying cause of the dehydration, along with ensuring more fluids.
Diarrhoea itself is not a disease. It is a symptom of another underlying condition or problem.
It is diagnosed when the faeces suddenly changes in consistency to runny liquid, and remains so for more than 24 hours. It can range from mildly loose stools to very watery.
Mild diarrhoea may initially go unnoticed, especially if your horse is often out in pasture.
More noticeable signs may include:
- Lack of appetite
- Loud gut sounds
- Signs of colic (abdominal pain)
- Oedema (fluid accumulation in lower limbs and underneath the abdomen)
More chronic cases may result in weight loss; reduction in healthy appearance, especially around the eyes and coat; and persistent lethargy.
Causes can range from parasitic involvement, to poor diet, bacterial infection, inflammatory conditions, medication side effects, and ingestion of toxic substances, such as some plants.
EquiHealth can help to pinpoint areas of potential cause, and treat them along with natural herbs and dietary changes.
Excessive salivation may be caused by a harmless fungus, for example. The problem usually self-resolves once the substance is removed, or the horse moved away from the toxicity. Common culprits include Slaframine, which is a soap-like chemical produced by the plant fungus Rhizoctonia leguminicola, commonly found around clover.
A good check that you can do yourself is to look over your horse’s face and head for any signs of nerve damage.
- Is one ear or eyelid drooping?
- Does he react by blinking when you move a finger toward his eye?
- Can he easily take a treat from your palm and chew it?
Although check around your horse’s mouth and teeth.
Can you see any foreign objects or broken teeth? Does the breath smell, perhaps indicating an infection? Is any saliva coming out of his nostrils, which may indicate an obstruction of some kind?
Finally, does your horse have a fever, or appears lethargic, which may indicate an underlying illness.
Use of EquiHealth has proven useful to help with the cause of many symptoms, including drooling, and helps to improve the overall health of your horse, with consistent results.
Clinical signs of ulcers in horses can be very hard to spot as they can be initially very mild. It may be that your horse’s behaviour changes, or they become less enthusiastic. These subtle changes could be signs of stomach problems or the beginning of an ulcerative condition.
Gastric ulcers can affect any horse at any age. Foals are particularly susceptible however, because they secrete gastric acid from an early age.
In adult horses, gastric ulcers occur more frequently in more active, performance horses.
Also, when any horse exercises, stomach acid may ‘splash’ to the more sensitive upper stomach area, causing what we would know as ‘heartburn’.
Risk factors for developing gastric ulcers including the horse’s anatomy itself, where the stomach is much smaller compared with the stomach of many other species; physical and environmental stress, such as transportation and stalling; and the prolonged administration of some non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
Help to treat Gastic Ulcers with EquiHealth, improving the function of the digestive system, and balancing acid/alkali content of the stomach.
Loss of Appetite
When horses don’t eat enough to meet their energy and protein requirements they can lose significant weight, and vital nutrients.
There are a number of reasons why your horse’s feeding habits may have changed.
It may be age-related, due to a change in living condition, separation anxiety, a change in feed, or some kind of pain or discomfort, for example from dental problems, mouth ulcers, gastric ulcers, and inflammation or abrasion of the oesophagus.
Injury can also be a cause.
The use of EquiHealth may help your horse to get back on track, improving condition, treating underlying causes as listed above (alongside dietary and any other changes that need to be made). Regular users have reported significant improvement in both indivdual conditions and their horse’s overall wellbeing.
Acupressure is a natural treatment that can be used as part of a protocol for almost any medical condition within the horse.
EquiHealth™ is our equine equivalent of our human HealthPoint system. It is a complete kit that enables you to safely and effectively treat your horse through our world-renowned acupressure location and stimulation system.
EquiHealth™ is effective on a wide range of equine ailments. It can be used safely by anyone – with or without veterinary training.
*As with any medical device, you should always seek the advice of a qualified Veterinary Surgeon to ensure a correct diagnosis before you begin any home treatment on your animal.
Using the same principles and theories of our popular and effective HealthPoint system, EquiHealth™ acupressure is an excellent tool for enhancing the health of your horse.
EquiHealth™ uses the same acupressure points and meridians as acupuncture to achieve the desired health benefits, but without the need for any invasive procedures. This means that even nervous horses can be treated, at home, by you, with complete ease.
Using acupressure points found along the 12 major meridians, you can use the EquiHealth™ instruction manual to balance your horse’s physical and emotional states, concentrating on accessing various acupressure points along the meridians close to the surface of your horse’s skin.
It has a valuable role as a preventative treatment too. For example, where horses are involved in competitive events, and are therefore prone to developing injuries that may often go unnoticed until they advance to more serious conditions, or develop complications.
Regular preventative treatment throughout a competition season may allow you to catch minor injuries at an early stage. By using EquiHealth™ in this way, to help restore normal blood supply and function to the muscles, your horse may heal much more rapidly, and be able to compete normally.
In practice, EquiHealth™ acupressure has been used for the relief of many musculoskeletal issues, as well as to influence normal organ and systemic functions and help prevent premature disease or disability.
It has shown especial use in helping to treat:
- Muscle soreness, e.g. of the neck, shoulders, back and hindquarters. Associated symptoms that may be alleviated include:
- Resentment of saddling and girthing, dipping on mounting
- General stiffness, inability to bend on one or both reins
- Head tilt, inability to flex from the poll
- Shortness of stride, not going forward from the leg
- Disunited or bunny-hopping at canter
- ‘Hopping’ on the transition from walk to trot
- Bucking on the transition from trot to canter
- Irritability and soreness during grooming
- Sacroiliac pain
- Digestive problems including poor appetite, diarrhoea, and some types of colic
- Respiratory problems
- Reproductive problems
- Poor immunity and post viral lethargy
Below are some of these areas in more detail, along with other ailment categories that have significant value in the use of our innovative EquiHealth™.
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HealthPoint microcurrent acupressure is a non-invasive form of healing and illness prevention that is just as receptive for other animal use as it is for human and horse health.
Disease being the result of a state of either excess or deficiency, means that the longer the excess or deficiency remains, the more out-of-balance the animal may become. A greater imbalance produces more advanced symptoms.
HealthPoint acupressure aims to reverse these pathological states and restore normal flow to increase speed of healing and to improve acute or chronic conditions.
Treatment may involve several applications in which blockages are gradually removed and normal flow is established. However, many owners report massive improvement following the first use of HealthPoint.
Trials indicate that acupressure therapy can be effective in treating numerous conditions within both the cat and dog. HealthPoint accesses these points in a safe, non-invasive way that doesn’t stress or harm your pet in any way, and that is totally safe for the owner to perform at home.
HealthPoint aims to provide pain relief, anti-inflammatory effects, and even hormone regulation, to help as part of a whole regime of treatment against conditions such as muscle soreness, back pain, disc disease, osteoarthritis, and degenerative joint disease, to name but a few of the most common successful treatments experienced by pets according to their owners.
Neurological disorders and gastrointestinal disorders may also be helped, along with such conditions as behavioural problems, geriatric weakness, irritable bowel syndrome and various skin diseases.
- Strengthening the immune system
- Strengthening, muscles, tendons, joints, and bones
- Alleviating inflammation and swelling
- Calming and relieving pain
- Increasing circulation
- Removing toxins
- Alleviating anxiety
- Helping with other behavioural issues, and
- Improving digestion
Click on the links below to access our dog and cat conditions and acupressure points guide…
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